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Traditional drug rehabilitation takes many forms. When searching for a drug treatment program for your loved one, it is important to know all the options out there so you can make this one very important decision – “Which drug rehab program will get my loved one off drugs or alcohol?”
The services for drug rehab a person chooses can make the difference between life and death for their addicted loved one. If a rehab cannot truly rehabilitate someone, then they will likely relapse and can end up in jail or dead. At the very least, their addiction will continue, devastating their health and spiritual well-being.
The choices in drug rehab programs run the gamut, including inpatient, long-term rehab, short-term programs, those based on religious faiths, Twelve Step programs and ones that use dual diagnosis.
Normally the short-term programs out there are based on the Twelve Step program that originated with Alcoholics Anonymous and extended to drug addicts in the 1980s. Although the person receives intensive treatment during his stay, but is to be followed up with outpatient programs. Unfortunately, many do not enter these outpatient programs and can have limited success in recovery. Success, of course, depends on many factors and no exact statistics are kept on success rates.
Many times the success rates quoted are those of people who have “completed the program.” With this type of statistic, you have no assurance that the people who have completed had lasting recovery and were able to really leave drugs or alcohol behind.
When someone enters a short-term drug rehab, they are “done” when the time limit is up. If they have stayed 28 or 30 days (and whether or not they are really ready to go back to their day-to-day life), they are let go, expectations being they will enter follow up programs. Since many do not, success may be limited.
For those addicted who have jobs or are going to school, outpatient care can be the most suitable choice. It is important that those in an outpatient care facility have a lot of support for those hours away from the center. Some centers only offer drug education and some more intensive treatment. The more hours spent in outpatient care, the more expensive the program will be.
Some of the outpatient centers operating today offer group counseling for the addict. This is promoting a drug-free life with peer pressure to reinforce living a sober life.
A long-term drug rehab program offers 24-hour care, with the addict staying on-site. They are not hospitals, but have staff that provide care. There are nurses and doctors that monitor the person during his stay. Sometimes treatment can be confrontational, with those counseling the individual trying to reshape the person’s pattern of behavior.
These long-term programs come in different forms, such as Twelve Step programs, therapeutic communities and dual diagnosis programs. They can range from a few months to more than a year and a half to complete. The US National Institute on Drug Abuse has stated that at least 90 days or longer gives the addict sufficient time to recover. Many drug rehab centers subscribe to the philosophy that addiction lasts forever, no matter what is done. They state that an addict will need to continue treatment (such as the taking of substitute drugs) or attend meetings for the rest of his or her life.
Dual diagnosis means that the person not only has a substance abuse problem but also has an accompanying mental disorder. The person entering a program using dual diagnosis will be diagnosed with addiction as well as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorders, bipolar condition or any one of a number of other mental conditions. For these other mental disorders, the term is often used of “co-occurring disorder.”
Most of the time treatment for these secondary disorders consists of a prescription of medication. The addict can be given antidepressants, benzodiazepines, anti-psychotic drugs or anti-convulsants. Unfortunately, these additional drugs are addictive and have dangerous side-effects.
A number of those who offer dual diagnosis treatment know that an addict should complete a detoxification before determining the existence of one of these mental disorders. Substance abuse itself really messes with the mind. But it is a fact that there are programs that can get a person through a rehab program without the use of other medications.
The therapeutic community is a long-term drug rehabilitation activity that is more successful than most. A person lives and works with others recovering from drug or alcohol addiction, with group leaders and staff joining in the efforts to keep the person drug-free. The person learns to abide by the rules and discipline of the group. They gain back some of the life skills so important to full recovery. However, it can be quite a long time to recover from drug or alcohol abuse here. Some stay for a year or two. Not many people can take this much time out to recover.
We are familiar with the programs available for drug addiction recovery. We will find the one that gives your loved one the real chance to stay sober and productive after they finish.